Neurologists are highly trained medical professionals who can diagnose complex conditions related to the brain, its functions and the nervous system through a series of physical as well as a detailed history of the patient. A child or pediatrician is a doctor who specializes in the treatment of neurological disorders in children and adolescents. Some common tests performed by a neurologist are tests for mental status, vision, speech, physical strength, sensation, reflexes, coordination, physical examination, eye test and gait.
Neurologists differ from neurosurgeons as they don’t perform any kind of brain surgeries or spinal cord surgery. However for a surgery to be successful neurologists and neurosurgeons work very closely. General neurologists can perform various procedures including laparoscopy. Some other procedures that neurologists can perform include intraoperative brain and spine monitoring, autonomic testing, endovascular procedures including angiograms and coiling of aneurysms, botulinum toxin injections, skin and muscle biopsies.
A neurologist can treat disorders like Cerebrovascular disease, stroke, headache disorders, infections of the brain and the nervous system, neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease, parkinson’s disease, and amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis or Lou Greig’s disease, etc. Neurologists use techniques like Lumbar puncture to test your spinal fluids by injecting a needle in your spinal cord, post numbing. Another common test is the tensilon test which is used to diagnose myasthenia gravis, it observes the effect of the medicine tensilon on the patient. These can also be accompanied by Electromyography and Electroencephalogram.
Neurologists can save lives if a patient is diagnosed in time and thus it is vital to visit neurologists for regular checkup of experiencing mild symptoms. These symptoms can be Uncontrolled headaches, memory loss, imbalance, numbness and pain, movement problems, problems with focus, etc.
Brain & Spine Surgery
These types of surgeries are performed with great technique by trained and mastered professionals. Brain surgery can be used to treat a number of conditions such as tumours, aneurysm, blood clots, epilepsyI. Parkinson’s disease, etc. It requires a neurosurgeon and a physician anesthesiologist who has received advanced clinical training in neurosurgery anesthesia. Most of the back related health issues can be resolved by physical conditioning and treatment, but certain advanced and critical cases require spine surgery. Aspects which result in spine damage are aging, improper body mechanics, trauma and structural abnormalities.
Different types of brain surgeries are performed to treat various conditions. Craniotomy is performed to remove a blood clot, tumour or abnormal tissue by removing a small piece of the skull and is put back in after the surgery. Deep Brain Stimulation or DBS is when a battery-operated device is implanted in part of the brain to stimulate impulses in specific regions of the brain. It is the most common treatment for Parkinson’s disease. Neuroendocopy is when a small endoscope or thin tube is invaded through the mouth, the nose or a small incision in the skull to remove the growth of excess tissue. Some other common surgeries are Posterior Fossa Decompression and Thrombectomy. A unique branch in brain surgery is the Awake brain surgery, it is used to treat epilepsy seizures. Remaining conscious during the surgery helps the surgeon to monitor the parts of the brain that affect functions like vision, movement or speech.
Spine surgeries can be of open type or minimal invasive surgery. Traditionally spine surgery is of open type, where the site of operation is opened with an incision for the surgeon to view. But with technological advances it can easily be treated with minimal invasive surgery.