Gynaecology is the branch of medicine that deals with the health of the female reproductive system. It literally means “science of women”. Gynaecology and obstetrics are the branches of the same field, where obstetrics deals with pregnancy and associated procedures, gynaecology deals with health of women who are not pregnant.
Gynaecology comprises various procedures like hysterectomy (removal of uterus), ovary removal, colonoscopy, biopsy and tissue samples from the cervix to detect or diagnose cervix cancer, ultrasound, laparoscopy of inner abdominal organs.
Compared to the vents in male reproductive system, the female reproductive system has more complications with menstrual bleeding, physiological changes during pregnancy, hormone fluctuations,etc.
Female reproductive health is closely related to psychological well-being and social well being. Thus a wide range of psychosexual, psychobiological, behavioural and developmental aspects are taken in consideration in the field of Gynaecology.
It is disheartening to see that the topic of Gynaecology still remains a taboo, despite more than 20,000 being diagnosed with either one of the 5 forms of cervical cancer. One in every four women never get a routine screening in their lifetime which can prevent this from happening. Gynaecologists are trained physicians and surgeons who specialize in care of female genitalia and they can provide appropriate medicine and advice in need.
Gynaecology not only helps during pregnancy but it can help prevent pregnancy too. It can provide the right insight and input for young people who want to be sexually active. In this way it prevents the cases of teen and unwanted pregnancies.